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Philosophy homework help

Sample Peer Post
Please write a minimum of five complete sentences for your one peer posting. You should also consider referencing some information from the course textbooklecture lessonsor a scholarly source to help support your written response post.
This discussion focuses on justice.
Justice is about respect. It is also about fairness (Ruggiero, 2012). Justice is also used in laws and politics and occasionally justice is about getting what one deserves. According to Cugero-Escofet and Fortin (2014), ethicists and philosophers alike, consider this a normative requirement in societal relationships. Likewise, justice can be quite helpful when dealing with conflicting interests. According to Martin (2019), laws are put in place to prevent discrimination as well as legal hierarchies that are unjust.
Moreover, justice is about the world. It is about making it a better place for people to live and interact with one another. Plato is one of the first philosophers to recognize the significance of justice in society. For instance, in Socrates’ dialogs in the Republic, Plato believed that in order for a person to achieve goodness he or she must consider justice as an important criteria in its determination. Plato considered justice a moral virtue. It was a virtue that should be exercised and reflected upon as part of the human soul (Cugero-Escofet & Fortin, 2014).
Saint Thomas Aquinas discussed justice and evil. The example of Job was used as an application to illustrate his point-of-view. “Aquinas adds that he ‘teaches the perfect wisdom of man. For since temporal and corporeal goods are not to be loved except for the sake of spiritual and eternal goods . . . one ought not to be down cast if he should be deprived of the former, nor upraised if he should abound in them. Job, Aquinas advances, is a teacher in virtuous ‘constancy of spirit’ in so far as he is not overly prideful when prosperous nor overly cast down when afflicted (Nutt, 2015, p. 51). Furthermore, Saint Thomas Aquinas shared the importance of the Job story to help readers understand that suffering does not deny providence in human affairs (Nutt, 2015).
Another great philosopher who wrote on justice was John Rawls. “One of John Rawls major aims, when he wrote A Theory of Justice, was to present a superior alternative to utilitarianism” (Chung, 2018, p. 1). According to utilitarianism, “One ought to do whatever will lead to the most happiness” (Rachels & Rachels, 2019, p. 170). Rawls believed that people deserved to be treated with respect. Likewise, he believed that people should have liberties. Economic equality and fairness were some of the goals of his philosophy. This is the reason why Rawls believed in distributive justice (Liang, 2017). Hence, Rawls believed that the distribution of resources was one central key of importance if income inequality was to end among people of lower status in society.
Attached is a video with information as it relates to justice in healthcare nursing (Williams, 2017).
YOUTUBE VIDEO TITLE: Justice In Healthcare Nursing 2017
Chung, H. (2018). Rawls’s self-defeat: A formal analysis. Erkenntnis,1-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-018-0079-4
Cuguero-Escofet, N., & Fortin, M. (2014). One justice or two? A model of reconciliation of normative justice theories and empirical research on organizational justice. Journal of Business Ethics, 124(3), 435-451. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-013-1881-1
Liang, C. (2017). Optimal inequality behind the veil of ignorance. Theory and Decision, 83(3), 431-455. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11238-017-9599-7
Martin, A. G. (2019). The mantle of justice. Independent Review, 24(1), 107–117.
Nutt, R. W. (2015). Providence, wisdom, and the justice of Job’s afflictions: Considerations from Aquinas’ literal exposition on Job. Heythrop Journal, 56(1), 44–66. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2265.2010.00660.x
Rachels, J., & Rachels, S. (2019). The elements of moral philosophy. [VitalSource Bookshelf]. Retrieved from https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781260213003/
Ruggiero, V. R. (2012). Thinking critically about ethical issue. Mc-Graw Hill.
Williams, A. (2017, March 22). Justice in healthcare nursing. [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/ypdYfBMAKn8
Writing Requirements

  • Minimum of 2 sources cited (assigned readings/online lessons and an outside scholarly source)
  • APA format for in-text citations and list of references

Please see an example of a peer post response that you can use as a guide.
I enjoyed reading the comments that you shared in your initial post as it relates to female circumcision. Valid points were shared related to the world view you held. For example, I appreciated reading information that you wrote related to subjective moral relativist. Also, you shared good information related to the steps that you would take as to whether you can assist the surgeon. Allow me to share some additional insight as it relates to female circumcision as well as my thoughts related to cultural relativism. It is true that equality exists when examining cultures and societies based on a cultural relativist perspective. According to Rachels and Rachels (2019), “Different cultures have different moral codes” (p. 14). As a nurse, my Hippocratic Oath is to do no harm (El-Gibaly et al., 2019). Since female genital mutilation (FGM) is illegal in a country like the United Kingdom (Bourne, 2018), my cultural beliefs would be in opposition to assisting the surgeon. This is where our views differed.
Bourne, J. (2018). Guarding against female genital mutilation. Primary Health Care ), 28(1), 18. https://dx.doi.org/10.7748/phc.28.1.18.s19
El-Gibaly, O., Aziz, M., & Salma, A. H. (2019). Health care providers’ and mothers’ perceptions about the medicalization of female genital mutilation or cutting in Egypt: A cross-sectional qualitative study. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 19.  https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0202-x
Rachels, J., & Rachels, S. (2019). The elements of moral philosophy. [VitalSource Bookshelf]. Retrieved from https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781260213003/

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