Physics Homework TENSION FORCE, Show All Work!.

Physics 221

Name:

Homework 9 Spring 2014

09.1 A small block on a frictionless surface has a mass of 70 g. It is attached to a massless string passing through a hole in a horizontal surface (see diagram). The block is originally rotating in a circle of radius 45 cm with angular speed 0.80 rad/s. The string is then pulled from below until the radius of the circle is 25 cm. You may treat the block as a point particle. (a) Is the angular momentum of the block conserved? Why or why not? (b) What is the final angular speed? (c) What are the initial and final tensions in the string? (d) What was the change in kinetic energy of the block? (e) How much work was done in pulling the string? 09.2 A diver stands on the end of a diving board as shown in the figure on the right. The mass of the diver is 58 kg and the mass of the uniform diving board is 35 kg. Calculate the magnitudes and directions of the forces exerted on the board at the points A and B.

9.3 A ladder, 5.0 m long, leans against a frictionless wall at a point 4.0 m above the ground. A painter is climbing up the ladder. The mass of the ladder is 12.0 kg and the mass of the painter is 60.0 kg. The ladder begins to slip at its base when the painter is 70 % of the way up the length of the ladder. What is the coefficient of static friction between the ladder and the floor?

Physics 221

Name:

Homework 9 Spring 2014

9.4 You are doing exercises on a Nautilus machine in a gym to strengthen your deltoid (shoulder) muscles. Your arms are raised vertically and can pivot around the shoulder joint, and you grasp the cable of the machine in your hand 64.0 cm from your shoulder joint. The deltoid muscle is attached to the humerus 16.0 cm from the shoulder joint and makes a 12.0∘ angle with that bone. a) If you have set the tension in the cable of the machine to 33.0 N on each arm, what is the tension in each deltoid muscle if you hold your outstretched arms in place? b) What then is the magnitude of the force on the humerus bone at the shoulder joint if you are holding your arm in place? (Assume the mass of the arm is 8.0 kg.)